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# DKRZ PyNGL example plot curvilinear data

In this example we use xarray to read the curvilinear data and PyNGL to create a plot. The local function add_title shows how to add annotations to the plot like a title string and strings placed like NCL's gsnLeftString, gsnCenterString and gsnRightString do.

NOTE: We will use xarray in the future exclusively for reading and writing data files because at the beginning of 2019 NCAR has decided to freeze PyNIO until further notice.

Example script:

'''
Script:
curvilinear_data_CORDEX_EUR-11.py

Description:
Example of how to plot curvilinear data.

Effects illustrated:
- Plotting curvilinear data
- Filled contour plot
'''
import os
import numpy as np
import xarray as xr
import Ngl

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#-- Function:   add_titles(wks,plot,resources,title,left,center,right)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
def add_titles(wks,plot,title="",left="",center="",right=""):

vpx = Ngl.get_float(plot,"vpXF")             #-- retrieve value of res.vpXF from plot
vpy = Ngl.get_float(plot,"vpYF")             #-- retrieve value of res.vpYF from plot
vpw = Ngl.get_float(plot,"vpWidthF")         #-- retrieve value of res.vpWidthF from plot
vph = Ngl.get_float(plot,"vpHeightF")        #-- retrieve value of res.vpHeightF from plot

ymax = vpy+0.08                              #-- we need space for the title and strings

if(ymax > 0.98):
print("--> if you can't see the title use res.nglMaximize = False and/or set res.vpYF")

#-- add title
if(title != ""):
tires = Ngl.Resources()
tires.txFontHeightF =  0.018
tires.txJust        = "CenterCenter"
tires.txFont        =  22                     #-- Font 22: Helvetica bold
if(left != "" or center != "" or right != ""):
y = vpy + 0.06
else:
y = vpy + 0.04

vpxc = vpx + (vpw/2)
Ngl.text_ndc(wks, title, vpxc, y, tires)

#-- add left, center and/or right string
txres = Ngl.Resources()
txres.txFontHeightF = 0.014                  #-- font size for left, center and right string

y = vpy + 0.02                               #-- y-position

if(left != ""):
txres.txJust = "CenterLeft"               #-- text justification
x = vpx                                   #-- x-position
Ngl.text_ndc(wks, left, x, y, txres)      #-- add text to wks

if(center != ""):
txres.txJust = "CenterCenter"             #-- text justification
Ngl.text_ndc(wks, center, 0.5, y, txres)  #-- add text to wks

if(right != ""):
txres.txJust = "CenterRight"              #-- text justification
x = vpx+vpw                               #-- x-position
Ngl.text_ndc(wks, right, x, y, txres)     #-- add text to wks

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#         MAIN
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#-- set file name
home  =  os.environ.get('HOME')
diri  = 'data/CORDEX/EUR-11'
fname = 'tas_EUR-11_MPI-M-MPI-ESM-LR_rcp45_r1i1p1_CLMcom-CCLM4-8-17_v1_mon_200601-201012.nc'

file_name = os.path.join(home,diri,fname)

#-- variable name
varname = 'tas'

#-- open file
ds = xr.open_dataset(file_name)

#-- read the variables
var   = ds[varname][0,:,:]
lat2d = ds['lat']                           #-- 2D coordinate
lon2d = ds['lon']                           #-- 2D coordinate

print('lat2d.shape: {}'.format(lat2d.shape))
print('lon2d.shape: {}'.format(lon2d.shape))

#-- open a workstation
wks_type              = "png"               #-- output type
wks                   =  Ngl.open_wks(wks_type,'plot_curvilinear_data_CORDEX_EUR-11')

#-- set resources
res                   =  Ngl.Resources()    #-- generate an resources object for plot
res.nglFrame          =  False
res.nglMaximize       =  True

res.cnFillOn          =  True               #-- turn on contour fill
res.cnLinesOn         =  False              #-- don't draw contour lines
res.cnLineLabelsOn    =  False              #-- don't draw line labels
res.cnFillPalette     = "BlueYellowRed"     #-- set color map
res.cnLevelSelectionMode  = "ManualLevels"
res.cnMinLevelValF    =  250
res.cnMaxLevelValF    =  290
res.cnLevelSpacingF   =  2

res.lbOrientation     = "Horizontal"        #-- labelbar orientation

res.sfXArray          =  lon2d.values       #-- longitude grid cell center
res.sfYArray          =  lat2d.values       #-- latitude grid cell center

res.mpFillOn          =  False              #-- don't draw filled map
res.mpGridLatSpacingF =  10.                #-- grid lat spacing
res.mpGridLonSpacingF =  10.                #-- grid lon spacing
res.mpDataBaseVersion = "MediumRes"         #-- map database
res.mpLimitMode       = "LatLon"            #-- must be set using minLatF/maxLatF/minLonF/maxLonF
res.mpMinLatF         =  15.                #-- sub-region minimum latitude
res.mpMaxLatF         =  80.                #-- sub-region maximum latitude
res.mpMinLonF         = -50.                #-- sub-region minimum longitude
res.mpMaxLonF         =  70.                #-- sub-region maximum longitude

#-- create the plot
plot = Ngl.contour_map(wks,var,res)         #-- create the contour plot

#-- add the title and left, center and/or right string
title = "Curvilinear grid:  tas (CORDEX EUR-11)"   #-- main title string

if var.attrs['units']:                      #-- retrieve units attribute
units = var.attrs['units']

add_titles(wks,plot,title=title,left=varname,right=units)

#-- advance the frame
Ngl.frame(wks)

#-- end
Ngl.end()

Result:

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